Freckles caused by pigment cells in the skin (melanocytes), which produce increasingly darker pigments (melanin) and surrender to the neighbouring Horn-forming cells (keratinocytes) and discolor it.
Freckles cause and risk
Genetic conditions of each skin type I or II and the time that the skin is exposed to sunlight are cause for the emergence of freckles. Freckles are harmless, because only new pigments and no new cells are produced. However, many Sun hours without proper UV protection indicate an increased number of pigments accordingly and thus indicate an increased risk of cancer on the bright skin cancer.
There are many recipes for freckles. However treatment methods are permanently effective. The only effective way to prevent freckles is to wear an appropriate UV protection for the areas of the skin that are exposed to the sunlight depending on the skin type. Skin care creams have often been effective UV protection for face, arms and chest.
The pigmentation may be tiny small up to a few centimeters large and have very different shapes, depending on where the melanin production now increasingly stimulated. Freckles fade back a little in the winter, but not completely disappear. For the removal of freckles, there are many remedies against freckles and different methods with corresponding advantages and disadvantages.
The laser treatment is the most effective method against freckles. The laser creates a beam of light with high intensity, which penetrates into the upper layers of the skin and destroys the pigment deposits. Is the laser light absorbed by the pigment dye and the surrounding skin is largely spared. It comes to inflammation and the destroyed pigments are transported through the body. After therapy is comparable to a sunburn in the treated areas for a few days, a burning feeling. In part, the treatment causes also swelling. After about two weeks everything should be healed. The skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation during the inflammatory phase, such as sunbathing, it is possible that the healing with new BREW pigmentation goes hand in hand. It is also possible that a too intensive laser treatment leaves a bright, too little pigmented spot. Some places must be treated a second time. Before the area is treated, the doctor make sure that there is no skin disease.
In this method the cost depending on the treated area to several hundred euros. Generally, this treatment is not paid by the health insurance fund.
Experienced cosmetic Studios offer the removal of freckles with the so-called Flash lamp - the IPL technology. The disturbing pigments are used from the high-energy, intense pulsed light. Where the melanin in the skin is present, the light is absorbed and transformed into heat. It destroys the cell structure of freckles. The costs here depending on the area to be treated between 80 and 300 Euro per session.
Creams for freckles
Creams for freckles are based mostly on the principle of a skin bleaching. These are fitted with active ingredients, which should lighten pigmentation problems or reduce the pigment formation. The active ingredients include Rucinol, watercress extract, Kojic acid and hydroquinone. Patience is needed in the treatment, an effect can usually only be determined after a few weeks. Also, not everyone can withstand the creams, sometimes the skin reacts with redness or irritation. The means should be applied ideally only on freckles, but that is no longer feasible in many freckles. Otherwise, the non-pigmented area of the skin is brightened with applying the cream and the skin may react permanently with an irregular skin coloring.
The bleaching creams are available from 25 euro.
Fruit acid or chemical peeling for Freckle
Chemical methods, especially the use of acids, ensure that the top layers of the skin are replaced and the skin in the peels. In the wake of the upper layers of skin grow back.
Fruit acid peeling
Fruit acids are weak acids, which are found in low concentrations in face creams. This can be used daily, they result in only the top layer of skin. The pigments are usually only slightly bleached with the treatment and not permanently removed. Depending on the required frequency of treatments and the spread of spots, the treatment between 150 and 400 euros costs.
Chemical Peeling has higher concentrated fruit acids or strong acids such as trichloroacetic acid (TCA). Trichloroacetic acid concentrated at higher, the danger is that this reaches from the epidermis into the dermis. Scrubs with trichloroacetic acid used primarily in the treatment of wrinkles and acne scars, freckles in the upper skin disappear of course this intensive therapy. The medium and the deep peeling extremely irritating the skin, this creates a big wound, which resembles a large abrasion. Until the skin irritation subsiding several days after a medium-deep exfoliation, the deep peeling, it takes about three weeks, with the associated risk for infections of the skin during the time of irritation. In the next few weeks, the skin remains sensitive. After the exfoliation, you should expose the treated skin the next months of not strong UV radiation, since otherwise brown pigmentation on the healed down to make wounds.
Grinding and cold treatment
The epidermis is polished for a dermabrasion under local anesthesia with a kind of fine milling machine.
The cold therapy is called also Kryopeeling or cryotherapy. Here, the surface of the skin with liquid nitrogen is iced up. In the treated skin area, the upper skin cells die off and there is a bubble.
Both procedures ensure that the epidermis is new. The skin is reddened in the wake of several weeks. Sometimes it also happens that she looks even blotchy after treatment than before. These procedures are too much can cause also a scar formation. For the controversial procedure costs between 100 and 500 euros.
Exclude skin cancer
In the area of freckles could be also diseased skin areas or be a precursor of skin cancer. Before the treatment, therefore always a preliminary study of the affected skin area should be performed to exclude that it is cancer or another skin disease.
Price - cost in euro:
|Operation kind||Lasers under local anesthesia, mechanical methods also under general anesthesia|
|Operation duration||vary, depending on the size of the skin area to be treated|
|Success||Good results, lasers or deep peelings.|
|Durability||Permanent success. New Smmersprossen may arise again.|
Prior to surgery:
- 10 days before any blood-thinning agents
- 10 days before no cigarette and alcohol consumption
After the surgery:
- consistent care of scars with creams prescribed by the doctor
- No sunlight for at least 2 months
- for 2-6 weeks no sauna visits
- for 1-2 weeks no heavy physical loads
- Abstain from cigarettes and alcohol for several weeks